Caxton, William


Caxton, William
(1422-1491)
   Printer and translator, b. in the Weald of Kent, was apprenticed to a London mercer. On his master's death in 1441 he went to Bruges, and lived there and in various other places in the Low Countries for over 30 years, engaged apparently as head of an association of English merchants trading in foreign parts, and in negotiating commercial treaties between England and the Dukes of Burgundy. His first literary labour was a translation of a French romance, which he entitled The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye, and which he finished in 1471. About this time he learned the art of printing, and, after being in the service of Margaret Duchess of Burgundy, an English princess, returned to his native country and set up at Westminster in 1476 his printing press, the first in England. His Recuyell and The Game and Playe of Chesse had already been printed--the first books in English--on the Continent. Here was produced the first book printed in England, The Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers (1477). C. obtained Royal favour, printed from 80 to 100 separate works--many of them translations of his own--and d. almost with pen in hand in 1491. His style is clear and idiomatic.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caxton, William — • Born in the Weald of Kent, c. 1422; died at Westminster, 1491; the first English printer and the introducer of the art of printing into England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caxton, William — (ca. 1421–1491)    Businessman, critic, writer, translator, and printer, William Caxton is most celebrated for establishing the first printing press in England. Caxton was born in Kent sometime between 1415 and 1422, most likely in 1422. Besides… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Caxton, William — (c. 1421–1491)    Commencing operations after EDWARD IV had seemingly ended the WARS OF THE ROSES, cloth merchant William Caxton introduced printing to England in 1477. With the patronage of courtiers and members of the royal houses of YORK and… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Caxton, William — born с 1422, Kent, Eng. died 1491, London First British printer. He was a prosperous mercer when he began to translate French literature and learn printing. He set up a press in Belgium and published his translation The Recuyell of the Historyes… …   Universalium

  • Caxton, William — (ca. 1422 1491)    The first Englishman to practice the new art of printing. A native of Kent and a member of the Mercers Company of London, he spent many years living abroad, chiefly at Bruges in the Netherlands. In 1470 he moved to Cologne and… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Caxton,William — Cax·ton (kăkʹstən), William. 1422? 1491. English printer who published the first book in English, Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (c. 1475). * * * …   Universalium

  • Caxton, William — ( 1422, Kent, Inglaterra–1491, Londres). Primer impresor británico. Era un próspero comerciante en telas y artículos de mercería cuando comenzó a traducir literatura francesa y a aprender el arte de la impresión. Instaló una imprenta en Bélgica,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CAXTON, WILLIAM —    the first English printer, born in Kent, bred a mercer, settled for a time in Bruges, learned the art of printing there, where he printed a translation of the Recuyell of the Historyes of Troyes, and The Game and Playe of Chesse ; returning to …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Caxton — William Caxton (* um 1422 in der Grafschaft Kent; † 1491 in Westminster) war der erste englische Buchdrucker und gleichzeitig auch als Verleger und Übersetzer tätig. Er gilt als bedeutender Bildner und Reformator der englischen Sprache, da er in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Caxton — (* um 1422 in der Grafschaft Kent; † 1491 in Westminster) war der erste englische Buchdrucker und gleichzeitig auch als Verleger und Übersetzer tätig. Er gilt als bedeutender Bildner und Reformer der englischen Sprache, da er in seinen Drucken… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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